SUICIDE AND MENTAL ILLNESS
作者：佚名 文章来源：网络 点击数： 更新时间：2010-11-24
Studies have shown that over 90% of people who die from suicide have one or more psychiatric disorders at the time of their death. Luckily, there are ways to treat and control these disorders and potentially prevent suicide.
Comorbidity (having more than one illness at the same time) and how severe the disorders are can increase someone's risk for suicide. Catching the warning signs early and seeing a doctor or other health care provider for a diagnosis and treatment plan could make it less likely that your friend would commit suicide.
Depression and Bipolar Disorder
Studies have consistently shown that having depression or bipolar disorder (mood disorders) increases your risk for suicide significantly. In fact, it's estimated that people with mood disorders are 12 to 20 times more likely to commit suicide than people without a mood disorder.
Mood disorders, especially in the depressive phase, are the most commonly diagnosed mental illness in suicide deaths. People with bipolar disorder have the highest risk, especially when they are in mixed episodes (simultaneous presence of ups and downs).
Suicides associated with major depressive disorder tend to occur early in the course of the illness, especially in younger people. Depressive and bipolar disorders both tend to be highly comorbid with other disorders, such as anxiety, panic attacks, alcohol use, substance use and insomnia, and each of these is considered to be a risk factor for suicidal behaviors.